Very few people manage to avoid being bitten by insects.
In addition, it can be quite difficult to identify what really bit us. The bite can itch or even swell.
There are many different insects, and they all transmit different diseases. So it’s very important to correctly identify what bit you.
Here is a little guide to help you
1. Hornet sting
The area that has been stung by a hornet becomes red and seriously swollen.
Blisters may appear.
This sting causes intense pain, worse than the pain caused by a wasp sting. The hornet poison is even more toxic because the insect itself is bigger. It contains histamine and acetylcholine.
If the victim feels cold in the limbs, his or her ears and lips go blue, or breathing problems start, the victim must see a doctor.
2. Bee sting
If you are stung by a bee, you must remove the sting from your skin, if it is still there.
Your skin may turn red and swollen. The victim feels burning and a sharp pain. Severe itching appears a little later. If you are not allergic, that's all you'll endure.
But if you are allergic to bee poison, you could have breathing problems, which is a serious concern. You must see a doctor!
3. Wasp sting
The symptoms of a wasp sting are similar to those of a bee sting. The stung area becomes red and swollen, the victim feels pain and burning, and terrible itching comes later. There might even be a hemorrhage on the skin.
A wasp can sting multiple times. Just like with a bee attack, it’s very important to know if you are allergic as there may be an anaphylactic shock.
4. Bed bug
Bed bug bites look like flea or mosquito bites or an allergic reaction. The skin becomes red, swollen and itchy.
However, there is a way to recognize bed bug bites. They are very close to each other and look like small paths on the skin.
Bed bug bites are more painful than mosquitoes'. The bites can be seen in the morning because bed bugs hunt at night.
If you notice small red dots that look like mosquito bites in places where hair grows, such as your head, neck, and behind your ears, it means that you have been bitten by head lice or pubic lice (crabs).
The bites are a few inches away from each other, and the skin looks like it was pierced.
Lice transmit very serious diseases like trench-fever and typhoid. Consult your pharmacist promptly for proper treatment.
Most ants don’t present any danger to humans, but the red fire ant can cause a lot of trouble. Pustules appear on the bitten spots that will later turn into scars.
The poison of these ants contains toxins, which can cause an allergic reaction or anaphylactic shock. It looks a lot like a mosquito bite. A pink spot appears in the bitten area that itches for a long time.
At the moment of the bite, the victim feels a burning pain as if boiling water had been poured on the skin.
7. Flea bites
Flea bites can easily be mistaken for allergies or mosquito bites because the bitten spots also look red and swollen. However, unlike mosquitoes, these insect bites are very painful, and the itch is much worse.
Fleas usually attack the legs, and only a sleeping person can be a victim. A flea can bite several times, so the distance between red spots is usually 1 to 2 cm.
Fleas transmit many serious infections.
8. Tick bite
A tick bite causes a red spot. The insect can be in the victim for a long time, growing bigger and drinking blood.
The worst case scenario: ticks infect people with encephalitis, borreliosis, and many other diseases. If you remove the insect from your body but the red spot doesn’t go away and continues to grow, you should see a doctor as soon as possible!
9. Mosquito bite
Mosquito bites look like swollen red spots, the size of a berry.
Most often, they appear in the uncovered areas of the body. Mosquitoes bite the spots where the skin is very thin and it’s easy to get to the blood vessels. When they bite, they inject their saliva into the wound. The saliva contains anticoagulants that make the blood thinner.
If you are in any doubt on the best prevention or treatment for any insect bite always consult your pharmacist or GP.